Paper on Hurricane Patricia, the most intense hurricane ever recorded in the Western Hemisphere, published in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

In October 2015, off the west coast of Mexico, Hurricane Patricia became the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the western hemisphere, intensifying faster than any other storm on record. A unique set of observations were collected in Patricia. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and National Aeronautics and Space Administration/Office of Naval Research (ONR) aircraft …

HRD Monthly Science Meeting of October 2017

October’s science meeting consisted of 5 presentations: Gus Alaka – 2017 Basin-Scale HWRF Preliminary Verification Sim Aberson – IFS (EC) and GFS Forecasts During 2017 Sim Aberson – Extreme Horizontal and Vertical Winds Measured by Dropwindsondes During the 2017 Hurricane Field Program Lisa Bucci – P-3 Doppler Wind Lidar: 2017 Progress Heather Holbach – WSRA …

35th Anniversary of first Synoptic Flow mission

On September 14, 1982, NOAA42 flew the first Synoptic Flow Experiment around Hurricane Debby.  The idea behind the experiment was to fly a large-scale pattern around a hurricane while releasing dropwindsondes at regular intervals.  This would create a three-dimensional map of the winds steering the storm.  The data would be entered into hurricane track forecast …

25th Anniversary of Hurricane Andrew striking South Florida

In the early morning hours of August 24, 1992, Category-Five Hurricane Andrew roared across southern Florida leaving behind a trail of devastation that stunned the nation.  Andrew was the first hurricane of this ferocity to hit the continental United States since Hurricane Camille in 1969, and repercussions of its landfall were felt in the world …

Review of extratropical transition published in Monthly Weather Review

Summary: When tropical cyclones move out of the tropics toward the poles, they reach areas where fronts exist and where the ocean, whose warm water fuels tropical storms, is relatively cool. When this happens, the storms go through extratropical transition (ET) and become like other storms in the mid latitudes. The storms can cause catastrophic …

Paper on accounting for the location of dropwindsondes during measurements published in the Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology

Summary: Hurricane Hunter aircraft have been releasing instruments called dropwindsondes to measure pressure, temperature, moisture, and wind speed and direction in hurricanes for two decades. Data from dropwindsondes released near the storms have led to better forecasts of where they will go, but improvements to forecasts of how strong they will get have lagged. Part …

15th Anniversary of Category Five Hurricanes Elida, Hernan, and Kenna

On July 25, 2002, Hurricane Elida in the eastern Pacific reached Category Five status when its winds reached 155 mph (250 km/hr).  Elida became the first of three east Pacific Category Five hurricanes to form during that busy season.  It was followed by Hurricane Hernan (which became a Cat 5 on sept. 1st) and then …

20th anniversary of the first operational synoptic surveillance mission with the NOAA G-IV

  On 14 July, 1997, Tropical Storm Claudette was moving northeastward offshore the east coast of the US.  Eager to test the new Gulfstream-IV (G-IV) jet aircraft and the new Global Positioning System dropwindsonde, the National Hurricane Center tasked the first-ever operational synoptic surveillance mission geared toward improving track forecasts. Initial condition differences in the …