30th Anniversary of Hurricane Gilbert

On September 16, 1988, Hurricane Gilbert made landfall at the Mexican city of La Pesca,Tamaulipas, with winds of 125 mph (200 km/hr).  It had already brought destruction upon the Yucatan peninsula and the Caribbean islands.  Along the way it set a new low-pressure record that would stand for 17 years. Gilbert was a classic Cape … Continue reading 30th Anniversary of Hurricane Gilbert

35th Anniversary of Hurricane Alicia

In the early morning hours of August 18, 1983, Hurricane Alicia made landfall at San Luis Pass, Texas, just southwest of the Galveston area.  Its 115 mph (185 km/hr) winds slammed the high rises of Houston leaving billions of dollars in damage in its wake. Like many tropical storms that form during low-activity years, Alicia … Continue reading 35th Anniversary of Hurricane Alicia

35th Anniversary of first Synoptic Flow mission

On September 14, 1982, NOAA42 flew the first Synoptic Flow Experiment around Hurricane Debby.  The idea behind the experiment was to fly a large-scale pattern around a hurricane while releasing dropwindsondes at regular intervals.  This would create a three-dimensional map of the winds steering the storm.  The data would be entered into hurricane track forecast … Continue reading 35th Anniversary of first Synoptic Flow mission

25th Anniversary of Hurricane Andrew striking South Florida

In the early morning hours of August 24, 1992, Category-Five Hurricane Andrew roared across southern Florida leaving behind a trail of devastation that stunned the nation.  Andrew was the first hurricane of this ferocity to hit the continental United States since Hurricane Camille in 1969, and repercussions of its landfall were felt in the world … Continue reading 25th Anniversary of Hurricane Andrew striking South Florida

45th Anniversary of African Easterly Wave paper

In the January 1972 issue of the Journal of Atmospheric Science, Robert W. Burpee (future director of HRD) published a paper explaining the mechanism by which African Easterly Waves (AEW) formed.  Using five years of upper-air data from above Africa, he demonstrated that airflow over the Ethiopian highlands created instabilities in the wind stream that … Continue reading 45th Anniversary of African Easterly Wave paper

55th Anniversary of Hurricane Carla

  On September 11, 1961, Hurricane Carla made landfall at Port O'Connor, Texas, bringing storm surge, torrential rains, high wind gusts and tornadoes to northern Texas and Louisiana.  Carla was the first tropical cyclone to have its entire life history recorded by research flights. Carla formed from a persistent area of disturbed weather in the … Continue reading 55th Anniversary of Hurricane Carla

25th Anniversary of Hurricane Bob

On August 19, 1991, Hurricane Bob brushed the tip of Long Island and came ashore in Rhode Island.  Although only a Category 2 hurricane at that time, Bob managed to rack up a sizable damage bill to become one of the costliest New England hurricanes. Bob formed from a disturbance that split from a frontal … Continue reading 25th Anniversary of Hurricane Bob

10th Anniversary of Hurricane Wilma

In the early morning hours of October 24, 2005, Hurricane Wilma came ashore on Florida's Gulf coast.  The storm had set records and then ravaged the Yucatan Peninsula prior to this final landfall, but it still had plenty of power left to inflict great damage on southern Florida. The 2005 hurricane season was already one … Continue reading 10th Anniversary of Hurricane Wilma

30th Anniversary of Hurricane Gloria

On September 27, 1985, Hurricane Gloria swept over the Outer Banks then rushed across Long Island, New England, and Canada.  It was the first significant hurricane to hit New England in twenty-five years and brought heavy rains and high winds to the Mid-Atlantic states as well. Gloria began as a tropical depression over the Cape … Continue reading 30th Anniversary of Hurricane Gloria

40th Anniversary of Hurricane Eloise

On the morning of September 23, 1975, Hurricane Eloise made landfall on the Florida panhandle.  A major hurricane as it struck the shore, it was the most destructive Atlantic hurricane that year. Eloise formed from an African Easterly Wave, but did not develop a closed circulation until it had crossed more than halfway across the … Continue reading 40th Anniversary of Hurricane Eloise