Recap of Julia and Lisa flights

NOAA conducted two flights into Julia and five into Lisa during October of this year, all in the Caribbean Sea. The main purpose of all the missions was to gather Doppler Radar and dropwindsonde data for ingestion into NOAA's computer models to improve forecasts. Flight tracks of missions into Julia (left) and Lisa (right) during … Continue reading Recap of Julia and Lisa flights

Hurricane and Ocean Testbed Technical Workshop

NOAA P-3 data and satellite imagery overlain during a mission into Lisa. Data from the Imaging Wind and Rain Airborne Profiler (showing wind and rain directly below the aircraft), Tail Doppler radar (measuring wind speed and direction throughout the storm), Wide-Swath Radar Altimeter (wave height below the aircraft), and flight-level instruments are all shown. During … Continue reading Hurricane and Ocean Testbed Technical Workshop

Recap of Hurricane Ian flights

In September, NOAA conducted 15 missions in and around Hurricane Ian before its historic landfall in Florida. Among these were 8 P-3 missions and 7 synoptic surveillance missions conducted by the G-IV. One hundred forty-three dropwindsondes were released along with 18 Airborne Expendable Bathythermographs to measure profiles in the atmosphere and the ocean underneath Ian. … Continue reading Recap of Hurricane Ian flights

Investigating vertical wind shear influences on tropical cyclone intensity change

Scientists at NOAA’s Atlantic Oceanographic & Meteorological Laboratory (AOML) and the University of Miami’s Cooperative Institute of Marine & Atmospheric Studies (CIMAS) examine the challenges of accurately predicting when a tropical cyclone will begin a quick and sudden increase in intensity (called rapid intensification or RI) in a new study published in Monthly Weather Review. The paper analyzes a group (ensemble) of computer model … Continue reading Investigating vertical wind shear influences on tropical cyclone intensity change

Study relating the structure of the area in a tropical cyclone closest to the surface and intensity released online in Monthly Weather Review

The study analyzes Doppler radar profile analyses to advance our understanding of how and why tropical cyclones intensify or weaken in relation to the shape of the vortex (whether the wind field is narrow or broad) and boundary-layer structure.  Example of a mean composite of only the radial wind velocity from airborne Doppler wind profile … Continue reading Study relating the structure of the area in a tropical cyclone closest to the surface and intensity released online in Monthly Weather Review

Study showing how to improve forecasts of rapid intensification released online in Monthly Weather Review

Accurately predicting when a tropical cyclone will begin a quick and sudden increase in intensity (rapid intensification or RI) is a significant challenge. In this study, we analyzed a group (or ensemble) of computer model forecasts of a real RI event to better understand it. To accurately forecast tropical cyclone intensity and when RI will … Continue reading Study showing how to improve forecasts of rapid intensification released online in Monthly Weather Review

Review of aircraft missions into Hurricane Earl

NOAA conducted 20 aircraft missions into Hurricane Earl in late August and early September. The series of flights over 12 days was the longest series of flights into one system that NOAA has conducted. We recently reviewed these flights, and the slides from the review can be found here. Flight tracks of all the NOAA … Continue reading Review of aircraft missions into Hurricane Earl

NOAA Hurricane Field Program begins with flights into Potential Tropical Cyclone 2 in the Tropical Atlantic

The NOAA flight season began early this year with an operational flight into a system, known as Potential Tropical Cyclone 2, that may soon develop into a tropical depression east of the Windward Islands. The plan for the season was recently released and is available online at https://www.aoml.noaa.gov/2022-hurricane-field-program/, and a kickoff meeting to discuss plans … Continue reading NOAA Hurricane Field Program begins with flights into Potential Tropical Cyclone 2 in the Tropical Atlantic

Paper describing large new airborne Doppler radar dataset in tropical cyclones published in Monthly Weather Review

The study introduces a new database that is freely available and consists of over 900 airborne Doppler radar analyses collected between 1997–2020. We demonstrate the capabilities of the database by identifying how the structure of hurricanes changes depending on the strength of the storm, which provides a foundation for future research avenues and computer model … Continue reading Paper describing large new airborne Doppler radar dataset in tropical cyclones published in Monthly Weather Review