35th anniversary of the publication first documenting the eyewall cycle in intense tropical cyclones

In February, 1982, The Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences published a ground-breaking study by Hugh Willoughby, Jean Clos, and Mohammed Shoreibah on what became to be known as the eyewall replacement cycle.  Using data obtained from NOAA P3 flights into very intense Hurricanes Anita, David and Allen, they found that a common feature of intense […]

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30th Anniversary of Hurricane Gloria

On September 27, 1985, Hurricane Gloria swept over the Outer Banks then rushed across Long Island, New England, and Canada.  It was the first significant hurricane to hit New England in twenty-five years and brought heavy rains and high winds to the Mid-Atlantic states as well. Gloria began as a tropical depression over the Cape […]

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30th Anniversary of Hurricane Elena

Midday on September 2, 1985, Hurricane Elena came ashore near Biloxi, MS.  But it had been anything of a direct path.  Elena’s track had many twists that had vexed forecasters and emergency managers all along the northern Gulf coast. Elena began as a disturbance in the deep tropical Atlantic, but hostile conditions prevented it from […]

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30th Anniversary of Project STORMFURY evaluation article

In the May 1985 issue of the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, an article evaluating Project STORMFURY written by four Hurricane Research Division scientists was published.  The Project was a twenty-year effort by the United States Government to test the hypothesis that seeding hurricanes with silver iodide would substantially alter the structure of the […]

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60th Anniversary of Hurricane Hazel

On October 15, 1954, Hurricane Hazel made its devastating landfall near Myrtle Beach, SC.  Hazel had already ravaged islands in the Caribbean and Bahamas and would go on to wreak a path of destruction up the eastern United States and into Canada.  It left over a thousand people dead and nearly 400 million of dollars […]

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25th Anniversary of a ‘hairy hop’ into Hurricane Hugo

NOAA 42 radar display of Hugo’s eyewall On September 15, 1989, NOAA 42 “Kermit” flew a research mission into Hurricane Hugo, east of Barbados, that became what old-time Hurricane Hunters called a “hairy hop”.  This referred to a hurricane flight where the turbulence was so severe as to put the mission in jeopardy. The day […]

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35th Anniversary of Hurricane David’s Florida landfall

On September 3, 1979, Hurricane David, one of the most destructive and deadly Atlantic hurricanes on record, made a glancing landfall on south Florida after its devastating rampage through the Caribbean.  David had seemed to be aimed to make landfall in  either Dade or Broward counties but just hours before impact swerved to the right […]

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45th Anniversary of Hurricane Debbie seeding

Hurricane Debbie’s eye as seen from ESSA DC-6 On August 18th and 20th, 1969 Hurricane Debbie was subjected to a seeding experiment as part of Project STORMFURY.  STORMFURY was a joint Navy and Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA was the predecessor of NOAA) project to test the hypothesis that seeding hurricanes with silver iodide would […]

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35th Anniversary of Men’s name added to Atlantic hurricane lists

Women’s names have been used for Atlantic hurricanes since 1953, but the practice had always been controversial. In 1978, the responsibility for the name lists was transferred from the U.S. Government to delegates of the World Meteorological Organization’s Region IV Hurricane Committee.  The Carter Administration, in response to pressure from feminist groups, requested the Committee […]

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25th Anniversary of Hurricane Gilbert’s record low pressure

On September 13, 1988, a NOAA research flight into Hurricane Gilbert as it approached the Yucatan Peninsula measured a record low central pressure for Atlantic hurricanes of 888 mb. This broke the previous record of 892 mb for the Labor Day hurricane of 1935 and stood until Hurricanes Rita and then Wilma in 2005. There […]

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