HRD Seminar – Scott B. Sieron, Pennsylvania State University – 12 February 2018

Scott presented a seminar titled  “Mesoscale tropical cyclone model EnKF data assimilation of all-sky satellite radiances: advancing from IR to microwave”. Abstract Development with the WRF tropical cyclone configuration and EnKF data assimilation system at Penn State is ongoing towards supporting the direct assimilation of top-of-atmosphere microwave emission observations in all sky conditions. These observations relate …

HRD Monthly Science Meeting of February 2018

February’s science meeting consisted of three presentations: Rob Rogers: The relationship between tropical cyclone structure and intensification in moderate vertical shear Jon Zawislak: 2018 NOAA/AOML/HRD Hurricane Field Program Intensity Forecast Experiment (IFEX): Overview of Experiment Design Pete Black: Emerging Airborne Technologies for improved TC Track and Intensity Forecasting: Preliminary Observations from SHOUT and EPOCH All the …

HRD Seminar – Michael Fischer, University of Albany/SUNY – 9 February 2018

Michael presented a seminar titled  “Normalized Convective Characteristics of Tropical Cyclone Rapid Intensification Events in the North Atlantic and Eastern North Pacific”. Abstract The relationship between tropical cyclone (TC) convective characteristics and TC intensity change is explored using infrared and passive microwave satellite imagery of TCs in the North Atlantic and eastern North Pacific basins from …

Paper on the difference between rapidly intensifying storms and those that don’t intensify as fast published in Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences

Summary: The main model that forecasters use to predict what a hurricane will do is the Hurricane Weather Research and Forecast (HWRF) model. Because we cannot measure what is currently happening in the hurricane exactly, we run the model many times at once with different measurements to get an idea of the different forecasts that …

HRD Monthly Science Meeting of January 2018

January’s science meeting consisted of three presentations: Jon Zawislak:  Preliminary results on the sources of condensate in the hurricane outflow layer Sim Aberson:  Observations of gravity waves in tropical cyclones Jason Dunion:  Assessing tropical cyclone intensity change in moderate vertical wind shear using dropsondes: thermodynamics of the lower troposphere All the presentations are available on …

HRD Seminar – Dr. Morgan O’Neill, T. C. Chamberlin Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Chicago – 14 November 2017

Dr. O'Neill presented a seminar on “Diurnal gravity waves as a probe of hurricanes’ internal structure“. Abstract: Satellite observations of cloudy hurricane canopies have shown a universal, daily, wave-like feature that propagates radially outward, as far as 600 km (Dunion et al. 2014). Daytime solar heating of a hurricane’s upper eyewall is surely responsible, but …

Paper on how tropical storms do (or don’t) organize thunderstorms around the center to intensify published in Monthly Weather Review

It has been believed that tropical cyclones are likely to strengthen when strong thunderstorms (called convection) almost completely surround the storm's center. In order to better understand what prevents this convection from surrounding the storm’s center in some storms (but not others), this study analyzes data collected on NOAA aircraft flights in two storms that …

HRD Debrief for missions into Hurricanes Irma, Jose, and Maria – Part 1 – 4 October 2017

HRD researchers discussed the results from the 8 P-3 and 8 G-IV missions into Hurricane Irma (3-8 September 2017). The agenda for the discussion was: Missions Overview (Reasor) Science Discussions 20170903H1 TDR (Jon Zawislak) 20170904H1 TDR (Rob Rogers) 20170904H2 TDR (Jon Zawislak) 20170905H1 TDR (Rob Rogers) 20170905H2 TDR (Jon Zawislak) 20170908H1 TDR (Jon Zawislak) 20170908H2 …

HRD Debrief for missions into Hurricane Harvey – 1 September 2017

HRD researchers discussed the results from the four P-3, four G-IV, and one Global Hawk mission into Hurricane Harvey (23-25 August 2017). The agenda for the discussion was: Missions Overview (Paul Reasor) Science Discussions 20170824H1 TDR (Robert Rogers) 20170824H2 TDR (Jon Zawislak) 20170825H1 TDR (Robert Rogers) 20170825H2 TDR/OceanWinds (Jon Zawislak) Additional Field Program Issues HWRF …