Paper on how eyewall replacement cycles start published in The Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences

Summary: When hurricanes become strong, they sometimes form a second eyewall around the main eyewall. This second ring of strong winds and heavy rain means that strong, damaging winds could cover a larger area than before. However, it also means that the storm might temporarily weaken. Understanding and predicting this process is therefore very important. …

Paper on the impact of new satellite wind velocity data on hurricane forecasts published in Monthly Weather Review

Summary: The CYclone Global Navigation Satellite System (CYGNSS) was launched into space on December 15, 2016, to improve hurricane (tropical cyclone) forecasts by measuring wind speed on the ocean surface. Since the tropical cyclones mostly occur over oceans where other wind data are usually not available, the new observations can measure their wind speeds. This …

Paper on the new Doppler Wind Lidar on the NOAA Hurricane Hunters published in Remote Sensing

Summary: The warm ocean provides the energy for tropical cyclones to form and intensify. Knowing what is happening in the air immediately above this warm ocean (called the boundary layer) tells us how that energy gets into the air. So, it is important to know what is happening there to accurately predict how strong a …