Typhoon Vicente made landfall in Southern China late on 23 July, 2012, as a category-4 typhoon, the strongest to hit southern China in recent years. Six days earlier, an area of cloudiness east of the northern Philippines started to slowly organize. As it passed into the South China Sea, it gained enough intensity and organization to be named Tropical Storm Vicente on the 21st. Vicente moved slowly and erratically during the next day, and slowly intensified until it became a typhoon on the 23rd. At that point, it began a period of rapid intensification, fast enough to become a category-4 typhoon before making landfall near Taishan in Guangdong Province later in the day.
Vicente was a large and powerful storm. Despite the eye remaining well offshore Hong Kong, the city recorded typhoon-force winds, downing trees and causing the cancellation of ferry, bus, train, and air service. More than 250 people suffered injuries in the city during the storm, but no deaths resulted. The greatest impact was in Guangdong Province, which suffered a direct hit. There was damage to agricultural interests there, and three people were killed. The southern periphery of Vicente also dropped more than 14 inches of rain in parts of northern Vietnam, and the resulting flash floods killed ten people.
Despite its great intensity, damage and casualties were relatively low, a likely testament to effective warnings and precautions taken in the affected areas.