25th Anniversary of Project TEXMEX

TEXMEX

TEXMEX

Starting in July 1991 and running through August, MIT and NOAA carried out the Tropical Experiment in Mexico (TEXMEX).  The purpose of the project was to examine the thermal and humidity structure of the near surface layer of the atmosphere in the tropical eastern Pacific and attempt to relate elevated levels of high theta-e (equivalent potential temperature) air to tropical cyclogenesis.

Led by MIT professor Kerry Emanuel, the project focused on flying the NOAA P3 (N42RF) aircraft into disturbed areas over the eastern Pacific and measuring the atmosphere in the lower layers.  The disturbances were tracked until they were out of range or formed into organized tropical cyclones. Eleven sorties were flown, including into developing Hurricanes Fefa and Guillermo.

References:

Monthly Weather Review
October 1997, Vol. 125, No. 10
Monthly Weather Review
October 1997, Vol. 125, No. 10