Paper about improved forecasts of Super Cyclone Sapphire Phailin in the Bay of Bengal published in Earth Interactions

This paper is about weather research conducted by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the India Meteorological Department and universities in India and the USA. Very severe cyclonic storm ‘Phailin’ in 2013 was the strongest cyclone to hit the eastern coast of India-Odisha state since the super cyclone of 1999. But there were far fewer deaths in Phailin compared to 1999, when approximately 10,000 people died. During Phailin, a record 1 million people were evacuated from 18,000 villages in both the Odisha and Andhra Pradesh states to coastal shelters due to better forecasts from the Hurricane Weather Research and Forecast and other models.

Important Conclusions:

Research produced better model forecasts of the movement, intensity, rainfall, and storm surge in Phailin.

Timely warnings issued due to these better forecasts minimized property damage and deaths in the affected regions.


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You can get a copy of the paper at