2016 Tropical Cyclone related anniversaries

This year we will be observing the following anniversaries of events related to tropical cyclones and research efforts into them.

RFF_Airmotive
Research Flight Facility personnel

 2011   5th anniversary 

  • Hurricane Irene brings great destruction to the Caribbean, Bahamas, and northeastern US and passes directly over New York City.
  • Typhoon Washi kills over 1200 people across the Pacific.
  • Hurricane Maria hits the Antilles and Newfoundland.

2006  10th anniversary 

  • Project AMMA examines the West African Monsoon and its influence on Atlantic tropical cyclone activity.
  • Typhoon Billis kills 859 in Asia.
  • Typhoon Saomai ravages Taiwan and China.
  • Typhoon Durian kills 1500 people in the Philippines and Indochina.

 2001  15th anniversary 

  • CAMEX-4 examines tropical convection associated with Atlantic hurricanes.
  • Goldenberg et al is published in Science magazine showing the effects of ENSO on Atlantic tropical activity.
  • Hurricane Michelle becomes the second costliest hurricane in Cuban history.
  • Typhoon Vamei forms very near the Equator.

1996  20th anniversary

  • NOGAPS and UKMET forecast models become operational.
  • Mark Powell and Sam Houston publish two Hurricane Andrew papers in Weather and Forecasting
  • Hurricanes Bertha and Fran strike North Carolina two months apart.
  • Hurricane Cesar crosses Nicaragua and is renamed Douglas in the eastern Pacific.
  • Hurricane Lili hits Cuba and the Bahamas

1991  25th anniversary

  • Project TexMex examines tropical cyclone formation in the eastern Pacific
  • The USAF’s 53rd WRS (Hurricane Hunters) are transferred to the Reserves.
  • Typhoon Thelma kills thousands of people in the Philippines and Vietnam.
  • Hurricane Bob strikes Long Island.
  • Cyclone hits Bangladesh, killing ~140,000 people

 1976  40th anniversary 

  • NOAA 42 begins service flying research missions into hurricanes.

1971  45th anniversary 

  • Rick Anthes produces first 3 dimensional hurricane model.
  • Navy VW-1 Typhoon Trackers disbanded
  • Hurricane Edith ravages Central America and gives NOAA DC-6 a good shaking.
  • Hurricane Ginger travels a great distance back and forth over the Atlantic before becoming the last storm seeded as part of Project STORMFURY

 1966  50th anniversary 

  • Hurricane Alma is one of the earliest Atlantic hurricanes to hit the US striking Tampa Bay.
  • Hurricane Faith produces the longest Atlantic hurricane track on record.
  • Hurricane Inez becomes a major hurricane in the Caribbean and is subject of multilevel study from RFF aircraft.

 1961  55th anniversary 

  • The Research Flight Facility (RFF) is formed from the Aircraft Group of NHRP.
  • Hurricane Carla is examined by RFF aircraft during its entire life cycle. Carla brings great destruction to Texas and launches Dan Rather’s national career.
  • Hurricane Debbie affects the British Isles.
  • Hurricane Esther is seeded leading to formation of Project STORMFURY.
  • Hurricane Hattie strikes British Honduras, devastating Belize City, forcing the capital to move.

 1956  60th anniversary 

  • National Hurricane Reasearch Project has its first field program.
  • Jules Adem documents the Beta plane effect on hurricane motion.
  • Herbert Riehl and William Haggard propose a simple numerical hurricane prediction method.

1951  65th anniversary 

  • Bob Simpson carries out a ‘piggyback’ mission on Typhoon Marge
  • Hurricane Able becomes the strongest Atlantic hurricane recorded in May

1946  70th anniversary

  • First Interdepartmental Hurricane Warning Conference is held.
  • Both the Navy and Air Force formally organize Hurricane Hunter squadrons.
  • Hurricane passes over Tampa.

1941  75th anniversary 

  • Major hurricanes hit Texas and Nicaragua

 1936  80th anniversary

  • A major hurricane brushes the Eastern Seaboard

1931  85th anniversary 

  • A major hurricane strikes British Honduras killing ~2500 people.

1926  90th anniversary 

  • The Great Miami Hurricane hits southern Florida.
  • The Havana-Bermuda hurricane devastates Cuba

1921  95th anniversary

  • The Tampa Bay Hurricane crosses over central Florida
  • Sakuhei Fujiwara publishes his theory on the interactions of cyclones close to one another.

 1916  100th anniversary

  • A major hurricane hits Baffin Bay,Texas.

1906 110th anniversary

  • The Mississippi Hurricane floods Lake Pontchatrain and kills 134 people
  • Cuba establishes its government weather service, its Observatorio Nacional

1891 125th anniversary

  • The Martinique Hurricane kills over 700 people

1886 130th anniversary

  • The Indianola Hurricane wipes out the Texas town.

1881 135th anniversary

  • A hurricane hits Georgia killing approx. 700 people
  • Haiphong Typhoon hits Vietnam, killing ~300,000 people

 1876 140th anniversary

  • The Great Bakerganj Cyclone claims 200,000 lives in India.
  • The San Felipe Hurricane (Primo) hits Puerto Rico and Cuba. Its damage is studied by Fr. Benito Vines to further his studies of tropical cyclones.

1871 145th anniversary

  • The Kohala Cyclone hits Hawaii.

 1856 160th anniversary

  • Hurricane wipes out Last Island, Louisiana and kills over 200 people

1831 185th anniversary

  • Redfield publishes his observations and concludes hurricane have a circular flow
  • Cyclone hits Barisal, India and takes 22,000 lives.

1821 195th anniversary

  • William Redfield crosses Connecticut after a hurricane and observes tree falls in different directions.
  • The Cape May Hurricane strikes New Jersey.

1806 210th anniversary 

  • The Great Coastal Hurricane hits North Carolina and New England.

 1791 225th anniversary

  • A Cuban hurricane kills as many as 3000 people.

1776 240th anniversary 

  • The Point a Pitre Bay Hurricane kills more than 6000 people in Guadeloupe.

1281 735th anniversary

  • A second attempted Mongol invasion of Japan is thwarted by a typhoon, ending further attempts.