Hurricane Field Program Update — Thursday, October 17, 2019, 5pm EDT

We are planning two flights into Potential Tropical Cyclone 16 for Friday.  The first, with NOAA42, will depart Lakeland at 0800 EDT (1200 UTC) and perform a lawnmower pattern through and around the system The second, with NOAA43, will depart 12 hour later, and perform a butterfly pattern Both will return to Lakeland.  Both missions … Continue reading Hurricane Field Program Update — Thursday, October 17, 2019, 5pm EDT

HRD Monthly Science Meeting of October 2019

October’s science meeting consisted of seven presentations: Sim Aberson -  “A comparison of SAMURAI, HEDAS, and radar analyses for Hurricane Patricia (and a sneak peek into Dorian)” Lisa Bucci - "Understanding the response of tropical cyclone structure to the assimilation of synthetic wind profiles" Hui Christophersen - "TROPICS Radiance OSSE Update" Xiaomin Chen -  “A … Continue reading HRD Monthly Science Meeting of October 2019

Paper on how tropical cyclones in shear intensify published in Geophysical Research Letters

Summary: Tropical cyclones (TCs) are made up of thunderstorms (what we call convection), and these storms have strong winds moving up and down (what we call up- and downdrafts). Dry air enhances evaporative cooling (the same process that cools people when they sweat) from convective downdrafts, reducing the temperature and humidity in low levels; this … Continue reading Paper on how tropical cyclones in shear intensify published in Geophysical Research Letters

Paper on how downdrafts in hurricanes affect intensity published in Monthly Weather Review

Summary: This study looks at differences between tropical cyclones that strengthen and those that do not using data collected by dropsondes, small instruments released from hurricane hunter aircraft that measure wind, temperature, and moisture as they fall to the surface. Important Conclusions: 1. The fuel that supports tropical cyclones is the heat and moisture from … Continue reading Paper on how downdrafts in hurricanes affect intensity published in Monthly Weather Review

Paper on getting the best TC forecasts using NOAA’s G-IV published in Monthly Weather Review

Summary: During each hurricane season, NOAA’s Gulfstream-IV (G-IV) Hurricane Hunter aircraft measures wind, temperature, humidity, and pressure in and around hurricanes threatening the United States.  An instrument called the dropwindsonde is released from the G-IV to collect the data as it falls to the ocean surface.  The plane currently flies where we expect observations from the … Continue reading Paper on getting the best TC forecasts using NOAA’s G-IV published in Monthly Weather Review